Mullins Molecular Retrovirology Lab

  • Department of Microbiology
  • School of Medicine
  • University of Washington
University of Washington/Fred Hutch Center for AIDS Research

Citation Information

Hemelaar J, Elangovan R, Yun J, Dickson-Tetteh L, Fleminger I, Kirtley S, Williams B, Gouws-Williams E, Ghys PD, WHO–UNAIDS Network for HIV Isolation Characterisation (2019). Global and regional molecular epidemiology of HIV-1, 1990-2015: a systematic review, global survey, and trend analysis. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 19(2), 143-155. (pubmed) (doi)


Global genetic diversity of HIV-1 is a major challenge to the development of HIV vaccines. We aimed to estimate the regional and global distribution of HIV-1 subtypes and recombinants during 1990-2015.