The Mullins laboratory is located in the Rosen Building on the South Lake Union campus of the University of Washington School of Medicine. Our lab uses molecular, computational, and virus biology techniques to provide insights into the relationship between HIV and its human hosts in an effort to fight the AIDS pandemic. We use a variety of methods to document and understand the implications of HIV's extraordinary genetic diversity on the immunopathogenesis of AIDS, with a particular emphasis on acute/early infection and superinfection. We then apply this information to develop more effective vaccines and therapies in collaboration with other investigators. Our research work focuses on the acquisition and computational characterization of HIV nucleotide sequences, the development of web tools for related computational studies, in vitro studies of the growth properties of viral isolates, host genetic polymorphism analysis, and high-throughput analysis of cellular transcription.

Lab News

New research featured in Science

"Cancer Genes Help HIV Persist, Complicating Cure Efforts."Science News & Analysis, 14 March 2014

RV144 Analysis Featured by Nature

"Vaccine trial reveals chinks in HIV's armour."Nature | News, 10 September 2012

Step Trial Analysis Featured in UW Today

"For first time, scientists show an HIV vaccine impacts the genetic makeup of the virus." UW Today, 1 March 2011


Recent Publications

Mullins JI, Frenkel LM 2017 Clonal Expansion of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Cells and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Persistence During Antiretroviral Therapy. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 215suppl_3S119-S127 pubmed

Nakamura KJ, Heath L, Sobrera ER, Wilkinson TA, Semrau K, Kankasa C, Tobin NH, Webb NE, Lee B, Thea DM, Kuhn L, Mullins JI, Aldrovandi GM 2017 Breast milk and in utero transmission of HIV-1 select for envelope variants with unique molecular signatures. Retrovirology1416 pubmed

Goldman JD, Frenkel LM, Mullins JI 2016 HIV Transmission During Condomless Sex With a Seropositive Partner With Suppressed Infection. JAMA316192044-2045 pubmed

Nedellec R, Herbeck JT, Hunt PW, Deeks SG, Mullins JI, Anton ED, Reeves JD, Mosier DE 2017 High-Sequence Diversity and Rapid Virus Turnover Contribute to Higher Rates of Coreceptor Switching in Treatment-Experienced Subjects with HIV-1 Viremia. AIDS research and human retroviruses333234-245 pubmed

Smith KN, Mailliard RB, Piazza PA, Fischer W, Korber BT, Fecek RJ, Ratner D, Gupta P, Mullins JI, Rinaldo CR 2016 Effective Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Targeting of Persistent HIV-1 during Antiretroviral Therapy Requires Priming of Naive CD8+ T Cells. mBio73e00473-16 pubmed

Department of Microbiology
School of Medicine
University of Washington
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