Mullins Molecular Retrovirology Lab

  • Department of Microbiology
  • School of Medicine
  • University of Washington
University of Washington/Fred Hutch Center for AIDS Research

Mullins Lab


The Mullins laboratory is located in Building F on the South Lake Union campus of the University of Washington School of Medicine. Our lab uses molecular, computational, and virus biology techniques to provide insights into the relationship between HIV and its human hosts in an effort to fight the AIDS pandemic. We use a variety of methods to document and understand the implications of HIV's extraordinary genetic diversity on the immunopathogenesis of AIDS, with a particular emphasis on acute/early infection and superinfection. We then apply this information to develop more effective vaccines and therapies in collaboration with other investigators. Our research work focuses on the acquisition and computational characterization of HIV nucleotide sequences, the development of web tools for related computational studies, in vitro studies of the growth properties of viral isolates, host genetic polymorphism analysis, and high-throughput analysis of cellular transcription.

Lab News

Viroverse now available as open source software

Viroverse is a web application supporting the collection, storage, retrieval, and analysis of our experimental data. We’ve been developing it in our lab for over a decade. At long last, we have made the source code available on GitHub. If you give it a try or want additional support setting up Viroverse in your lab, please let us know.

Recent Publications

Rosati M, Agarwal M, Hu X, Devasundaram S, Stellas D, Chowdhury B, Bear J, Burns R, Donohue D, Pessaint L, Andersen H, Lewis MG, Terpos E, Dimopoulos MA, Wlodawer A, Mullins JI, Venzon DJ, Pavlakis GN, Felber BK (2021). Control of SARS-CoV-2 infection after Spike DNA or Spike DNA+Protein co-immunization in rhesus macaques. PLoS pathogens, 17(9), e1009701. (pubmed) (doi)


O'Connor MA, Munson PV, Dross SE, Tunggal HC, Lewis TB, Osborn J, Peterson CW, Huang MW, Moats C, Smedley J, Jerome KR, Kiem HP, Bagley KC, Mullins JI, Fuller DH (2021). A Gut Reaction to SIV and SHIV Infection: Lower Dysregulation of Mucosal T Cells during Acute Infection Is Associated with Greater Viral Suppression during cART. Viruses (ePub ahead of print). (pubmed) (doi)


Elangovan R, Jenks M, Yun J, Dickson-Tetteh L, Kirtley S, Hemelaar J, WHO-UNAIDS Network for HIV Isolation and Characterisation (2021). Global and Regional Estimates for Subtype-Specific Therapeutic and Prophylactic HIV-1 Vaccines: A Modeling Study. Frontiers in microbiology, 12, 690647. (pubmed) (doi)


Lewitus E, Sanders-Buell E, Bose M, O'Sullivan AM, Poltavee K, Li Y, Bai H, Mdluli T, Donofrio G, Slike B, Zhao H, Wong K, Chen L, Miller S, Lee J, Ahani B, Lepore S, Muhammad S, Grande R, Tran U, Dussupt V, Mendez-Rivera L, Nitayaphan S, Kaewkungwal J, Pitisuttithum P, Rerks-Ngarm S, O'Connell RJ, Janes H, Gilbert PB, Gramzinski R, Vasan S, Robb ML, Michael NL, Krebs SJ, Herbeck JT, Edlefsen PT, Mullins JI, Kim JH, Tovanabutra S, Rolland M (2021). RV144 vaccine imprinting constrained HIV-1 evolution following breakthrough infection. Virus evolution, 7(2), veab057. (pubmed) (doi)


Cole B, Lambrechts L, Gantner P, Noppe Y, Bonine N, Witkowski W, Chen L, Palmer S, Mullins JI, Chomont N, Pardons M, Vandekerckhove L (2021). In-depth single-cell analysis of translation-competent HIV-1 reservoirs identifies cellular sources of plasma viremia. Nature communications, 12(1), 3727. (pubmed) (doi)